National key R & D plan to start quantum information among strategic projects – Sohu Finance-agogoktv

National key research and development plan to start quantum information among strategic projects – Sohu finance reporter Zhou Hui Beijing reported February 16th, the Ministry of science and technology released the national key research and development plan, the first batch of special research and development of special guidelines. 9 special focus on its release, including nanotechnology, quantum control and quantum information, scientific devices and frontiers, caused widespread concern, especially since 2015 due to market speculation "quantum information". 17, twenty-first Century, Business Herald reporter related stock movements, interview with the Ministry of science and technology experts as well as related enterprises and investors, interpret the plan and market reaction. In the 9 major special quantum information as a carrier of national key R & D plan to organize the implementation of the project, the focus of the project is a major strategic task, goal oriented cluster, related to a number of national key industrial layout. 9 key projects, the Ministry of science and technology including: nanotechnology, quantum control and quantum information science, cutting-edge research, device regulation, protein machines and life process of food production efficiency of scientific and technological innovation, modern food processing and food chain logistics technology and equipment, prevention and control of major diseases and integrated technology research and development, safe and efficient forestry breeding cultivation of resources and efficient use of technology innovation, intelligent agricultural equipment. Among them, the most concerned by the capital market is the quantum control and quantum information special. In twenty-first Century, the economic report reporter was informed that the two major applications of quantum information technology are quantum communication and quantum computing. Among them, quantum communication mainly studies quantum cryptography, quantum teleportation technology, etc. Quantum Computing mainly studies quantum computers, and quantum algorithms suitable for quantum computers. At present, Google, IBM, Microsoft, Alibaba, HUAWEI and other science and technology companies are trying to enter this field. One expert told reporters in twenty-first Century economic report of the Ministry of science and technology, state key development program, mainly based on the national economy and social security development, and research the status quo, determine the strategic project, the field of quantum information previously involved, but this is the first to enhance the strategic positioning so important. With regard to the research status of quantum communication in China, an important background is that in January 8th, the first prize of National Natural Science Prize was awarded to the project of "multiphoton entanglement and interference" led by academician Pan Jianwei of University of Science & Technology China". Another policy background, the CPC Central Committee on the "13th Five-Year" plan proposed the deployment of a number of national strategic intentions reflect major science and technology projects including quantum communication. At present, a scramble for quantum information is being launched worldwide, and the major countries are scrambling to seize the national information security and develop the next generation of information industry. A study of quantum information project investors told 21 Century Business Herald reporter, at present the technology industry is relatively difficult, on the one hand, a further breakthrough on theory and technology is not easy, also is the industrial transformation and promotion, it takes time and money costs. Said digital board chairman Guo Wei to accept the twenty-first Century economic report reporter in January of this year, quantum communication is a new generation of intelligent communication

国家重点研发计划启动 量子信息跻身战略性项目-搜狐财经   本报记者 周慧 北京报道  2月16日,科技部发布国家重点研发计划首批重点研发专项指南。  其发布的9个重点专项,包括纳米科技、量子调控与量子信息、大科学装置前沿研究等,引起广泛关注,特别是2015年起受市场热炒的“量子信息”。  17日,21世纪经济报道记者采 相关公司股票走势 访科技部专家以及相关企业和投资人,解读该计划以及市场反应。  量子信息入列9大重点专项  作为国家重点研发计划组织实施的载体,上述项目聚焦了国家重大战略任务,是以目标为导向的项目集群,关乎一批国家重点布局产业。  科技部发布的9个重点专项,具体包括:纳米科技、量子调控与量子信息、大科学装置前沿研究、蛋白质机器与生命过程调控、粮食丰产增效科技创新、现代食品加工及粮食收储运技术与装备、畜禽重大疫病防控与高效安全养殖综合技术研发、林业资源培育及高效利用技术创新、智能农机装备。  其中最受资本市场关注的,是量子调控和量子信息专项。21世纪经济报道记者采访获悉,目前量子信息技术的两大主流应用,主要是量子通信和量子计算。  其中,量子通信主要研究量子密码、量子隐形传态的技术等;量子计算主要研究量子计算机,以及适合于量子计算机的量子算法。  目前Google、IBM、微软、阿里巴巴、华为等科技类公司,均在尝试进入这一领域。  科技部一位专家告诉21世纪经济报道记者,国家重点研发计划,主要是根据国家社会经济、安全发展情况,以及科研现状,确定战略性项目,量子信息领域以前有涉及,但此次属于首次提升到如此重要的战略定位。  关于我国在量子通信领域研究现状,一个重要的背景是,1月8日,国家自然科学奖一等奖,颁给了由中国科学技术大学潘建伟院士领衔的项目――“多光子纠缠及干涉度量”。  另一个政策背景是,中共中央对“十三五”规划建议所部署一批体现国家战略意图的重大科技项目中包括量子通信。  目前全球范围内正展开一场量子信息领域的争夺赛,主要国家争相抢占国家信息安全和发展下一代信息产业的高地。  一位调研过量子信息项目的投资人告诉21世纪经济报道记者,目前该技术产业化还比较难,一方面,理论和技术上的进一步突破并不容易,另外是产业化转化、推广等,都需要时间和资金成本。  神州数码董事局主席郭为在今年1月接受21世纪经济报道记者采访时表示,量子通信是新一代的通信,也是未来的通信;当前在具体应用领域,多体现在保障安全上,目前离大规模商业应用还较遥远。2015年底,神州信息公司中标“京沪干线”量子保密通信骨干网建设。  重塑科研体系  国家重点研发计划首批重点研发专项指南的发布,也标志着整合了多项科技计划的国家重点研发计划,正式启动实施。  科技部副部长侯建国介绍称,国家重点研发计划整合了原有的973计划、863计划、国家科技支撑计划、国际科技合作与交流专项,发改委、工信部管理的产业技术研究与开发资金,以及有关部门管理的公益性行业科研专项等内容。  该计划主要针对事关国计民生的农业、能源资源、生态环境、健康等领域中需要长期演进的重大社会公益性研究,以及事关产业核心竞争力、整体自主创新能力和国家安全的战略性、基础性、前瞻性重大科学问题、重大共性关键技术和产品、重大国际科技合作等。  科技部专家告诉21世纪经济报道记者,其实早在2014年底,国务院印发的《关于深化中央财政科技计划(专项、基金等)管理改革方案的通知》(下称64号文),对上述计划均有部署。  “国家重点研发计划专项的形式,相对过去的973计划、863计划等,更具有整体性,和突出重点。”上述专家表示,强化顶层设计,有利于打破过去条块分割的局面,更有利于提高科研资金使用效率。  侯建国在对媒体解释时表示,现在的项目不是简单“拼盘”,而是相互关联、有机衔接,具有“不可剥离性”,改变了原来按照不同研发阶段分头支持的做法,力求实现上下游研发活动间的快速传导和相互促进。  作者:周慧相关的主题文章:

 

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