About 4 of every thousand people in Jiaxing are suffering from stroke-9c8836

About 4 strokes per thousand people in Jiaxing are becoming younger and younger, and they are not unfamiliar with stroke. Stroke also has a medical name called "stroke", also known as stroke". In autumn and winter, the temperature drops sharply, and the blood vessels become sensitive to temperature, causing stroke easily. Today is World Stroke Day, and this year’s theme is "focus on stroke risk among middle-aged people."". What kind of disease is the stroke in the end? How about the disease in Jiaxing? What are the early signs of this disease? How to prevent stroke? Reporters interviewed the Jiaxing CDC and Jiaxing Second Hospital neurology experts. The incidence rate showed an increasing trend, and the male was higher than the female. In 2015, the death causes of the residents in Jiaxing, cerebrovascular disease ranked second of all causes of death, cerebrovascular disease deaths accounted for 17.20% of the total reported deaths. Stroke is a common acute cerebrovascular disease. It is a disease caused by sudden rupture of the blood vessels in the brain or blockage of the blood vessels resulting from the blockage of the blood into the brain. In the ward of Neurology Department of Jiaxing Second Hospital, more than 60% of the patients were stroke patients. More and more patients with stroke, from the clinical point of view, men are slightly more than women." Zhang Xiaoling, director of the Department of internal medicine and director of Neurology Department of Jiaxing Second Hospital, told reporters that the number of patients with stroke prevention in the hospital was increasing. From the statistical data, from 2011 to 2014, the incidence of stroke in Jiaxing showed an increasing trend year by year, and remained stable in 2015. According to statistics, the number of stroke cases reported in Jiaxing from 2011 to 2014 was 11 thousand and 200, 11 thousand and 600, 12 thousand and 500, and 13 thousand and 100, respectively, and the reported incidence rates were 3 million 274 thousand and 10, 3 million 386 thousand and 710, 3 million 616 thousand and 410 and 3 million 775 thousand and 310 respectively. A total of 13 thousand and 60 cases were reported in 2015, with a reported incidence of 3 million 742 thousand and 810. In other words, about 4 people in every thousand people in Jiaxing had stroke, and the stroke incidence rate in Jiaxing in 2015 was slightly higher than the average level in Zhejiang (3 million 413 thousand and 110). In 2015, the incidence of reported cases remained relatively flat for a year. From the current statistical data, the incidence of stroke is still on the rise." Ma Jun, head of chronic disease prevention and Control Department of Jiaxing cdc. In addition, from the gender point of view, in 2015, the incidence of male reported in Jiaxing was 4 million 66 thousand and 10, female was 3 million 429 thousand and 310, and the incidence of male was higher than that of female. In this regard, Zhang Xiaoling believes that this is associated with bad habits such as smoking in men. Smoking, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and obvious overweight were the major risk factors." After 40 years of age, the incidence rate increased slowly, after 60 years of age accelerated rise, many people believe that stroke is an elderly disease, but this is not the case, now stroke patients more and more younger. Therefore, middle-aged people are also regarded as a group of concerns. According to the city center for Disease Control statistics, stroke incidence increased with age, 40 years old began to rise slowly, after 60 years of age rose faster. 40 – 44 years old, 45 – 49.

嘉兴每千人中约有4个发生中风 越来越年轻化说起中风,大家都不陌生。中风还有一个医学名称叫作“卒中”,也叫“脑卒中”。秋冬季节,气温骤降,血管对温度变得敏感,非常容易引起中风。今天是世界卒中日,今年的主题是“关注中年人的中风风险”。脑卒中到底是一种什么样的疾病?嘉兴的发病情况如何?它有哪些早期发病信号?如何防治脑卒中?记者采访了嘉兴市疾控中心和嘉兴市第二医院神经内科的专家。发病率呈增长趋势 且男性高于女性在2015年嘉兴市居民根本死亡原因中,脑血管病位居全部死因的第二位,脑血管病死亡占全部报告死亡数的17.20%。而脑卒中就是一种常见的急性脑血管疾病,它是因为脑部血管突然破裂或因血管阻塞导致血液不能流入大脑而引起脑组织损伤的一种疾病。在嘉兴市第二医院神经内科的病房里,60%以上的病人都是脑卒中患者。“脑卒中患者越来越多,从临床上来看,男性略多于女性。”嘉兴市第二医院大内科主任、神经内科主任张晓玲告诉记者,医院开设的卒中预防门诊患者也越来越多。从统计数据来看,从2011年到2014年,嘉兴脑卒中发病率呈现逐年递增的趋势,2015年保持平稳。据统计,2011年至2014年嘉兴市脑卒中报告脑卒中例数分别为1.12万例、1.16万例、1.25万例、1.31万例,报告发病率分别为327.40 10万、338.67 10万、361.64 10万、377.53 10万。2015年共报告1.306万例,报告发病率374.28 10万。换言之,嘉兴每千人中约有4个人发生脑卒中,2015年嘉兴市脑卒中报告发病率略高于浙江省平均水平(341.31 10万)。“2015年报告发病率跟上一年相对持平,从今年目前的统计数据来看,脑卒中的发病率整体还是呈现增长的趋势。”嘉兴市疾控中心慢性病预防控制科科长马骏分析道。另外,从性别来看,2015年嘉兴男性报告发病率为406.60 10万,女性为342.93 10万,男性发病率高于女性。对此,张晓玲认为,这跟男性有吸烟等不良习惯有关系。“吸烟、血脂异常、高血压、明显超重是主要的危险因素。”40岁后发病率缓慢上升 60岁以后加速上升很多人都认为脑卒中是老年病,但事实并非如此,现在脑卒中患者越来越年轻化。因此,中年人也被作为关注的群体。据市疾控中心统计,脑卒中报告发病率随着年龄增长而上升,40岁开始慢慢上升,60岁以后上升速度加快。40—44岁、45—49岁、50—54岁、55—59岁、60—64岁、65—69岁、70—74岁、75—79岁、80—84岁、85岁以上的报告发病率分别为54.98 10万、99.51 10万、188.12 10万、331.54 10万、514.47 10万、856.95 10万、1487.9 10万、2178.62 10万、2853.06 10万、3271.78 10万。“针对中年人这一群体,最为严重的问题是大部分中年人没有意识到风险,还没有改变自己生活方式的意愿和行动。比如,中年人的吸烟率明显高于老年人,绝大部分中年人没有进行适量的运动锻炼,而且作为脑卒中第一位危险因素的高血压的控制率仍很低。”马骏表示,今年提出“关注中年人的中风风险”这样的主题很有意义。重视早期症状 脑卒中可防可治中风之后,患者在治疗和护理上需要花费大量的时间和金钱。但张晓玲也表示,虽然中风的致残率和死亡率比较高,但这种病是可防可治的,“一定要重视脑卒中的早期症状,尽早就医。”碰到突发一侧面部或者肢体麻木无力,口角歪斜流涎;突发视力模糊或失明;突发语言表达或理解困难;突发严重的不明原因头痛、呕吐;突发不明原因的头晕、走路不稳或突然跌倒、遗忘或记忆力障碍,尤其是伴有前面的一些症状时,不论时间长短都应及时就医,避免延误病情。同时,马骏也建议市民通过养成健康的生活方式和定期体检来预防脑卒中。比如,吸烟者应戒烟,不吸烟者避免被动吸烟;通过控制饮食、增加体力活动来维持健康体重;注意蛋白质、脂肪、碳水化合物的摄入比例,控制食盐和含糖饮料摄入;限制饮酒。一般男性酒精摄入一天不超过25克,女性减半;40岁以上人群应定期体检,了解心脑血管有无异常;监测血压、血糖和血脂水平,高危个体应进行颅内外血管评估等。相关的主题文章:

 

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